Michele Swanson, Gemma Reguera, Moselio Schaechter, ... [et. al.]

2nd ed.

Washington, DC : ASM Press, cop. 2016

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z  

 11 termes

Bacillus sp. YP1  [nom científic]

p. 579

They isolated two strains from the biofilms, Enterobacter asburiae YT1 and Bacillus sp. YP1.

bacterial ectosymbiont  n.

p. 106

The worms live in environments where poisonous sulfide gas is produced, but the bacterial ectosymbionts metabolize the sulfide before it reaches the worm.

bacteria-plant association  n.

p. 404

We will learn of other examples of bacteria-plant associations in chapter 21, including the benefitial association between legume plants and another Alpha, Rhizobium, which we also mention briefly in Box 14,3.

Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron  [nom científic]

p. 657

And we rely on one of our residents, Bacteriodes thetaiotaomicron, to digest the complex carbohydrates that we consume in our diet.

Bam  n.

p. 250-251

The same chaperones then escort the protein to a dedicated protein complex of the outer membrane (Bam).

BCG vaccine  n.

p. 688

That's the basis for the TB vaccine named BCG, or Bacille de Calmette et Guérin, after the pair of French scientists who developed the therapeutic in the early 1900s. However, the efficacy of the BCG vaccine varies widely, and live attenuated vaccines are not safe for immunocompromised people.

beer making  n.

p. 612-613

Changes such as this are often observed in ethanol-tolerant yeasts used in wine and beer making.

binary cell division  n.

p. 101

In this somewhat monotonous life style, each cell grows and eventually divides into two equal progeny cells, which then repeat the process (Figs. 4.1, 4.2). Each generation closely resembles the previous one in composition and structure (Fig. 4.14). This process of binary cell division can be incredibly swift.

biotechnological potential  n.

p. 158

The biotechnological potential of microbial energy metabolisms, which are already used to generate industrially important chemicals, could also be harnessed to produce biofuels, clean up toxic compounds, and reduce greenhouse emissions (stay tuned for chapter 28).

broad-spectrum antibiotic  n.

p. 215

Given the importance of this enzyme during DNA replication and its presence in virtually all bacteria, it is not surprising that ciprofloxacin is classified as a broad-spectrum antibiotic.

Burkholderia pseudomallei  [nom científic]

p. 680

Remarkably, although a variety of intracellular microbes are propelled by actin tails, including Shigella flexnerii, Rickettsia riskettsii, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and Mycobacterium marinum, each species deploys a distinct mechanism to recruit host actin, indicating convergent evolution.