Michele Swanson, Gemma Reguera, Moselio Schaechter, ... [et. al.]

2nd ed.

Washington, DC : ASM Press, cop. 2016

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z  

 5 termes

uncoating  n.

p. 473

To be infective, the virus needs to release its genome. This "uncoating" process can take place during or after the virus enters the cell.

universal primer  n.

p. 527

Primers (the so-called "universal" primers) have been designed against the most conserved regions that hybridize to most prokaryotic (bacterial and archaeal) 16S rRNA genes.

universal second messenger  n.

p. 378

Lastly, we introduce here a multitalented molecule that participates not only in the control os asymmetric development in Caulobacter (Fig. 13.8), but also in many other differentiation pathways. It is cyclic di-GMP, the so-called universal second messenger (Fig. 13.8A). It works as a signal molecule that affects the transcriptional regulation of a large number of genes.

upregulation  n.

p. 309

Upregulation can start within seconds and can quickly increase the amount of an enzyme by 1,000-fold or more.

urban cycle  n.

p. 739

In areas with a high density of rodents, fleas, and people, the urban cycle can cause outbreaks of bubonic plague. If Y. Pestis spreads from the bloodstream to the human lung, the pathogen can spread among the human population by the respiratory route, causing epidemic pneumonic plague.